Encyclopedia of Cats

The Felidae lower classifications consist of 2 subfamilies,
13 genera, 40 species and numerous subspecies.

Large Cats

Panthera

Panther

Panthera pardus

leopard

Predator species (Carnivora) belonging to the subfamily of large cats (Pantherinae), best adapted to various environmental conditions, weighing from 17 kg – females to 90 kg – males (37-198 lb).

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Panthera uncia

snow leopard

A gifted predator (Carnivora) from the subfamily of large cats (Pantherinae) weighing up to 55 kg (121 lb), sometimes even 70 kg (154 lb), inhabiting mountain areas, the long jump distance record belongs to it.

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Panthera tigris

tiger

The largest of today’s five species of wild cat from the Panthera genus weighing up to 325 kg – Siberian tiger (717 lb), one of the largest terrestrial predators.

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Panthera onca

jaguar

Belongs to the subfamily of large predatory cats (Pantherinae) and can weigh up to 148 kg (326 lb), in Pantanal even 160 kg (353 lb), the largest cat of the Americas, endowed with the greatest relative jaw force in the entire family of felids (Felidae).

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Panthera leo

lion

The largest predator (Carnivora) of Africa weighing up to 272 kg (600 lb), the only cat (Felidae) living in the pride, divided into two subspecies.

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Neofelis

Neofelis nebulosa

clouded leopard

Predator from the subfamily of large cats (Pantherinae) weighing from 11 kg – females (24 lb), up to 25 kg – males (55 lb), the ancestor of all other large felids, the owner of proportionately the largest fangs of all cats (Felidae) outside the genus Neofelis.

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Small Cats

Leopardus wiedii

margay

The best arboreal acrobat in the whole cat family (Felidae), using sound mimicry for hunting, a small cat (Felinae) weighing up to 9 kg (20 lb).

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Prionailurus viverrinus

fishing cat

Cat angler closely associated with water, feeding mainly on aquatic prey. A medium-sized cat with a unique appearance and interesting hunting techniques. Fishing cats are the only ones among felids that can giggle like the characteristic representatives of canids – hyenas. Description The fishing cat has a broad head and a contrastingly narrow muzzle. It…

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Caracal aurata

African golden cat

A small African cat (Felinae) forest dependant, weighing up to 16 kg (35 lb), changing colour from silver-grey to golden-red.

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Catopuma temminckii

Asiatic golden cat

a medium-sized cat with unique markings on the face, weighing up to 16 kg (35 lb), issuing a sound described as gurgling.

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Felis margarita

sand cat

The only representative of the family Felidae, living exclusively in the desert, not requiring access to water, with the appearance of an eternal kitten and weighing less than 3.5 kg (8 lb).

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Prionailurus rubiginosus

rusty-spotted cat

The smallest cat species (Felinae) not exceeding 2 kg (4 lb), very fast and moving on trees with great ease.

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Felis lybica

African and Asiatic wildcat

Depending on the population of worms, mixing with the domestic species, weighing up to 8 kg (18 lb).

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Leopardus geoffroyi

Geoffroy’s cat

One of the two wild cats that population is stable, belonging to small cats (Felinae) with a maximum weight of 6 kg (13 lb), spending time on the ground, in the water and on the trees.

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Felis silvestris

European wildcat

One of the two species of wild cats (Felidae) occurring in Poland, a small cat (Felinae) weighing 3-8 kg (7-18 lb), often interbreeding with domestic cats.

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Otocolobus manul

Pallas’s cat

Owner of the softest fur among all cats (Felidae), with a characteristic face, the size of a domestic cat and a weight not exceeding 5 kg (11 lb).

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Catopuma badia

Borneo bay cat

A small cat very rare and living only on the island of Borneo, one of the least known lightweight cats probably not exceeding 4 kg (9 lb).

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Leopardus jacobita

Andean cat

Representative of the subfamily of small cats (Felinae) not exceeding the weight of 5.5 kg (12 lb), adapted to live in the mountains, relatively recently discovered.

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Puma concolor

puma

The most famous cat of America, belonging to small cats subfamily (Felinae), although males can weigh up to 120 kg (265 lb).

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Lynx lynx

Eurasian lynx

One of two wild cats (Felidae) occurring in Poland, the largest among lynxes weighing up to 35 kg (77 lb).

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Pardofelis marmorata

marbled cat

A small cat (Felinae) up to 5 kg (11 lb), with an exceptionally long tail, leading mainly arboreal life, found only in tropical forests.

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Prionailurus planiceps

flat-headed cat

A very rare cat that leads a semi-aquatic life, the size of a small domestic cat (Felinae) weighing about 2 kg (4 lb), having a half-fruit diet.

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Acinonyx jubatus

cheetah

The fastest terrestrial animal in the world, the only representative of the genus Acinonyx with an exceptional body structure and weight up to 65 kg (143 lb).

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Puma yagouaroundi

jaguarundi

A small cat (Felinae) not exceeding 9 kg (20 lb) with high variety of fur colour and body proportions typical for a weasel.

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Caracal caracal

caracal

A medium-sized cat up to 16 kg (35 lb) with characteristic long fringes on ears, found in Africa and Asia, often kept as a pet.

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Felis catus

domestic cat

Tamed representative of felids (Felidae), an independent human companion or living in uncontrolled colonies, most often weighing up to 5 kg (11 lb) – Singapura cat: 1,5 kg (3,3 lb), Maine Coon: 15kg (33 lb).

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Felis nigripes

black-footed cat

Yhe smallest African cat weighing 1-2.5 kg (2-5.5 lb), the most effective predator among all cats (Felidae), independent of access to water.

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sand cat
Felis margarita
margay
Leopardus wiedii
leopard
Panthera pardus

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